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Effect of PEMF for Norwegian Womans Football Players


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OPEN ACCESS
EDITED BY
Niels Chr. Hansen,
Aarhus University, Denmark
REVIEWED BY
Spencer Roberts,
Deakin University, Australia
Ranel Rachel E. Venter,
Stellenbosch University, South Africa
*CORRESPONDENCE
Frode Moen frode.moen@ntnu.no
RECEIVED 28 May 2023 ACCEPTED 24 July 2023 PUBLISHED 08 August 2023
CITATION
Moen F, Pettersen SA, Gjertsås K, Vatn M, Ravenhorst M, Kvålsvoll A, Liland KH and Mosleth EF (2023) The effect of bio-electro- magnetic-energy-regulation therapy on sleep duration and sleep quality among elite players in Norwegian women’s football.
Front. Psychol. 14:1230281.
doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1230281
COPYRIGHT
© 2023 Moen, Pettersen, Gjertsås, Vatn, Ravenhorst, Kvålsvoll, Liland and Mosleth. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
TYPE OriginalResearch
PUBLISHED 08 August 2023
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2023.1230281
The effect of bio-electro-magnetic-energy- regulation therapy on sleep duration and sleep quality among elite players in Norwegian women’s football
Frode Moen1*, Svein Arne Pettersen2, Kine Gjertsås3, Marte Vatn4, Martijn Ravenhorst3, Atle Kvålsvoll5, Kristian Hovde Liland6 and Ellen F. Mosleth7
1Department of Education and Lifelong Learning, Faculty of Social and Educational Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 2School of Sport Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, UiT, The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway, 3Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 4Department of Sociology and Political Science, Faculty of Social and Educational Sciences, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway, 5The Norwegian Olympic Sport Center, Trondheim, Norway, 6Faculty of Science and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway, 7Nofima AS - The Norwegian Institute of Food, Fisheries and Aquaculture Research, Ås, Norway
The current study investigated if physical loads peak on game days and if Bio- Electro-Magnetic-Energy-Regulation (BEMER) therapy is affecting sleep duration and sleep quality on nights related to game nights among elite players in Norwegian women’s elite football. The sample included 21 female football players from an elite top series club with a mean age of ~24 years (± 2.8). Sleep was measured every day over a period of 273 consecutive days with a Somnofy sleep monitor based on ultra-wideband (IR-UWB) pulse radar and Doppler technology. The current study was conducted as a quasi-experiment, where each player was their own control based on a control period that lasted for 3 months, and an experimental period that lasted for 5 months. Accordantly, the time each player spent with BEMER therapy was used as a control variable. Multivariate analyses of variance using FFMANOVA and univariate ANOVA with False Discovery Rate adjusted p-values show that physical performance (total distance, distance per minute, sprint meters >22.5 kmh, accelerations and decelerations) significantly peak on game day compared with ordinary training days and days related to game days. The results also show that sleep quantity and quality are significantly reduced on game night, which indicate disturbed sleep caused by the peak in physical load. Most sleep variables significantly increased in the experiment period, where BEMER therapy was used, compared to the control period before the introduction of BEMER therapy. Further, the analyses show that players who spent BEMER therapy >440 h had the most positive effects on their sleep, and that these effects were significantly compared to the players who used BEMER therapy <440 h. The findings are discussed based on the function of sleep and the different sleep stages have on recovery.
KEYWORDS
sleep, elite football, recovery, physical load, BEMER therapy
Frontiers in Psychology
01 frontiersin.org

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